The sixth millennium development goal (combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases) has the goal to stop and start to reverse the spread of diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria by 2015. Some progress that has been made on the MDG (Millennium development goal) is, that there is a declining amount of new HIV infections in children, fewer AIDS related deaths and there are being more investments made. It is important to reverse the amount of HIV/AIDS related illnesses due to the fact that it is a leading cause of death around the world and it is our children and future generations who will be living with horrible diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis as well as HIV/AIDS if we do not work to get rid of these diseases by 2015. Let us strive to reverse the contraction of diseases!
Statistics:Success Rate and Meeting Goals
Although the amount of AIDS-related deaths has increased since 1990, it is slowly beginning to drop around 2007. This means improvement and meeting goals. The amount of people who had new HIV infections peaked in 1997 and decreased greatly by 2010. Both factors are slowing decreasing in hopes that the goal for the amount of AIDS related deaths and HIV infections will successfully be fulfilled by 2015.
Declining New HIV Infections in Children
In the last two years, new HIV infections in children decreased by 24%. In six countries––Burundi, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Togo and Zambia––the number of children newly infected with HIV fell by at least 40% between 2009 and 2011.
In the last 24 months the numbers of people accessing treatment has increased by 63% globally. In sub-Saharan Africa, a record 2.3 million people had access to treatment. China has increased the number of people on HIV treatment by nearly 50% in the last year alone. There were more than half a million fewer deaths in 2011 than in 2005. The largest drops in AIDS-related deaths are being seen in countries where HIV has the strongest grip. South Africa saw 100 000 fewer deaths, Zimbabwe nearly 90 000, Kenya 71 000 and Ethiopia 48 000 than in 2005.
H – Human – This particular virus can only infect human beings. I – Immunodeficiency – HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. A "deficient" immune system can't protect you. V – Virus – A virus can only reproduce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its host.
HIV is a lot like other viruses, including those that cause the "flu" or the common cold. There is one important difference between a flu and HIV. Over time, your immune system can clear most viruses out of your body however, with HIV, the human immune system can't seem to get rid of it. Scientists are still trying to figure out why. HIV can hide for long periods of time in the cells of your body and it attacks a key part of your immune system – your helper T cells. Your body has to have these cells to fight infections and disease, but HIV invades them, uses them to make more copies of itself, and then destroys them. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of your T-cells that your body can't fight infections and diseases anymore. When that happens, HIV infection can lead to AIDS.
A – Acquired – AIDS is not something you inherit from your parents. You acquire AIDS after birth. I – Immuno – Your body's immune system includes all the organs and cells that work to fight off infection or disease. D – Deficiency – You get AIDS when your immune system is "deficient," or isn't working the way it should. S – Syndrome – A syndrome is a collection of symptoms and signs of disease. AIDS is a syndrome, rather than a single disease, because it is a complex illness with a wide range of complications and symptoms.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is the final stage of HIV infection. People at this stage of HIV disease have badly damaged their immune systems, which put them at risk for opportunistic infections. You will be diagnosed with AIDS if you have one or more specific OIs, certain cancers, or a very low number of T-cells. If you have AIDS, you will need medical intervention and treatment to prevent death.
The number of people living with HIV/AIDS increased from 35 million in 2001 to 38 million in 2003
Every day over 7,400 people are infected with HIV and 5,500 die from AIDS- related illnesses
HIV remains the leading cause of death among reproductive-age women worldwide
Access to HIV treatment in low- and middle-income countries increased ten-fold over a span of just five years.
New HIV infections fell steadily from 3.5 to 2.7 million in 2008
Malaria kills a child in the world every 45 seconds.
Close to 90 per cent of malaria deaths occur in Africa, where it accounts for a fifth of childhood mortality
An estimated 250 million anti-malaria insecticide-treated bed nets are required to reach 80 per cent coverage in sub-Saharan Africa. To date, the funds committed will provide only 100 million nets – less than one half of the requirement.
1.8 million people died from tuberculosis in 2008, about 500,000 of whom were HIV-positive.
Since 1994, Telluride AIDS Benefit Has Donated Over 1.8 Million Toward HIV/AIDS Ecucation and Advocacy; 19th Annual telluride Aids Benifit Kicks Off This Week - Every year Telluride puts together a huge benefit where all proceeds go towards local and global AIDS research. This week the 19th annual benefit kicks off with a gala fashion show and much more! http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/2/prweb10451530.htm
The Obama-Biden plan to combat global HIV/AIDS - President-elect Barack Obama and Vice President-elect Joe Biden believe that we must do more to fight the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, as well as malaria and tuberculosis. In 2006, President-elect Barack Obama traveled to Kenya and, along with his wife Michelle, took an HIV/AIDS test to encourage African men and women to be tested for the disease. http://change.gov/pages/the_obama_biden_plan_to_combat_global_hiv_aids/
1. Do not participate in unprotected sexual intercourse. 2. Do not reuse needles or syringes. 3. Talk to your partner about past or present sexual history. 4. Seek treatment if you think you have been exposed to other STDs, such as gonorrhea, syphillis or chlamydia. 5. Practice abstinence. 6. Get tested if you become pregnant. 7.Ask health professional about other HIV prevention plans.
There are over 20 great non-government organizations that help in the awareness and prevention of HIV and AIDS. These organizations hold fundraising events to raise money and travel overseas to help in medical facilities and educate the indigenous people. Check out this link to learn all about these amazing organizations!